- Ph.D., Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California
- B.Sc. Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania
- Associate Editor Journal of Geophysical Research – Earth Surfaces (2012-2015)
- IPCC Cryosphere Contributing Author (2017-2018)
- Ice sheet and glacier dynamics
- Fracture mechanics
- Sea level rise
- Planetary science
- Complex systems
The broad theme of my research is studying the often complicated array of dynamic processes that affect the evolution of ice sheets and glaciers and how they interact with and respond to past, present and future climate change. One of the ice sheet processes that my research targets is improving our understanding if the mechanics of iceberg calving- a process that accounts for up to two thirds of the mass discharged from the cryosphere to the ocean. Not only does this have important implications for century time-scale sea level rise, but because fractures can propagate very quickly, iceberg calving introduces a “fast” time-scale into the response of the ice sheets to climate change that is not accounted for in numerical models.
Interested undergraduate and graduate students are welcome to drop me an email to learn more about opportunities for cryospheric research within my research group.
- Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE) 2016
- Henry Russel Award 2015
- Career Award 2011
- Bassis, J.N., B. Berg, A. J. Crawford, D. I. Benn, (2021), Transition to marine ice cliff instability controlled by ice thickness gradients and velocity. Science. Vol. 372, Issue 6548, pp. 1342-1344
- Crawford. A.J., D. Benn, J. Åström, J.N. Bassis, T. Zwinger, (2021), Marine ice-cliff instability modeling shows mixed-mode ice-cliff failure and yields calving rate parameterization. Nature Communications. 12(9): 2701
- Walker, C.C., J.N. Bassis, (2021), Propagation of vertical fractures through planetary ice shells: The role of basal fractures at the ice-ocean interface and proximal cracks. Planetary Science Journal. Volume 2, Issue 4, id.135, 15 pp
- Slater, D., D. Benn, T.R. Cowton, J.N. Bassis, J.A. Todd, (2021), Calving multiplier effect controlled by melt undercut geometry. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth surfaces. 126, e2021JF006191. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JF006191
- Duddu, R., Jiménez, S., J.N. Bassis, (2020), A non-local continuum poro-damage mechanics model for hydrofracturing of surface crevasses in grounded glaciers. Journal of Glaciology. 66(257): 415-429
- Kachuck, S. B., D. F. Martin, , J.N. Bassis, (2020), Rapid viscoelastic deformation slows marine ice sheet instability at Pine Island Glacier. Geophysical Research Letters. 47: e2019GL086446
- Ultee, L., J.N. Bassis, SERMeQ model produces a realistic upper bound on calving retreat for 155 Greenland outlet glaciers. (2020), Geophysical Research Letters. 2020; 47: e2020GL090213
- Berg, B., J.N. Bassis, (2020), Brief communication: Time step dependence (and fixes) in Stokes simulations of calving ice shelves”. The Cryosphere. 2020; 14: 3209–3213
- J.N. Bassis, Ultee, L., (2019), A thin film viscoplastic theory for calving glaciers: Toward a bound on the calving rate of glaciers. Journal of Geophysical Research: EarthSurface. 124: 2036-2055
- Ma, Y., J.N. Bassis, (2019), The effect of submarine melting on calving from marine terminating glaciers. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface . 2019; 124
- Ultee, L., Arnott, J., J.N. Bassis, Lemos, M.C., (2018), From Ice Sheets to Main Streets: Intermediaries Connect Climate Scientists to Coastal Adaptation. Earth’s Future. 6(299–304)
- Ma, Y., C. S. Tripathy*, J.N. Bassis, (2017), Bounds on the calving cliff height of marine terminating glaciers. Geophysical Research Letters. 44: 1,369- 1,375
- L. Ultee and J. N. Bassis, (2017), A plastic network approach to model calving glacier advance and retreat. Frontiers in Earth Science 5. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2017.00024.
- Bassis, J.N., S.V. Petersen, L Mac Cathles, (2017), Heinrich events triggered by ocean forcing and modulated by isostatic adjustment, Nature, 332–334, doi:10.1038/nature21069Ma, Y., C. S. Tripathy*, and J. N. Bassis, (2017), Bounds on the calving cliff height of marine terminating glaciers, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 1369–1375, doi:10.1002/2016GL071560.
- Chester, M., Kulessa, B., Luckman, A., Bassis, J.N, & Kuipers Munneke, P., (2017), Systems Analysis of complex glaciological processes and application to calving of Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology, 58(74), 60-71. doi:10.1017/aog.2017.1.
- Jiménez, S., Duddu, R., and Bassis, J.N., (2017), An updated-Lagrangian damage mechanics formulation for modeling the creeping flow and fracture of ice sheets. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 313, 406-432.
- Mobasher, M., Duddu, R., Bassis, J.N., and Waisman, H. (2016). Modeling hydraulic fracture of glaciers using continuum damage mechanics. Journal of Glaciology, 62(234), 794-804. doi:10.1017/ jog.2016.68
- Jeong, S., I. M. Howat, and J. N. Bassis (2016), Accelerated ice shelf rifting and retreat at Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 11,720–11,725, doi:10.1002/2016GL071360.
- Ultee, L., & Bassis, J.N., (2016), The future is Nye: An extension of the perfect plastic approximationto tidewater glaciers. Journal of Glaciology, 62(236), 1143-1152. doi:10.1017/jog.2016.108
- Bassis, J.N., and Ma, Y., (2015), Evolution of basal crevasses links ice shelf stability to ocean forcing. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 409, 203-211.
- Liu, Y., Moore, J.C., Cheng, X., Gladstone, R.M., Bassis, J.N., Liu, H., Wen, J. and Hui, F., (2015), Ocean-driven thinning enhances iceberg calving and retreat of Antarctic ice shelves, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences112.11, 3263-3268.
- Walker, C., Bassis, J.N., Fricker, H., & Czerwinski, R*, (2015), Observations of interannual and spatial variability in rift propagation in the Amery Ice Shelf, Antarctica, 2002–14. Journal of Glaciology, 61(226), 243-252. doi:10.3189/2015JoG14J151
- Y. Liu, J.C. Moore, X. Cheng, R.M. Gladstone, J.N. Bassis, H. Liu, J. Wen and F. Hui, (2015), Ocean- driven thinning enhances iceberg calving and retreat of Antarctic ice shelves, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112 (11), doi: 10.1073/pnas.1415137112
- J.N. Bassis and Y. Ma, (2014), Evolution of Basal Crevasses Links Ice Shelf Stability to Ocean Forcing, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.11.003.
- Heeszel, D., H.A. Fricker, J.N. Bassis, S. O’Neel, F. Walter, (2014), Seismicity within a propagating rift: The relationship between icequake locations and ice shelf structure, Journal of Geophysical Research- Earth Surfaces, 119, 731–744, doi:10.1002/2013JF002849.
- Walker C.C., R. Czerwinski*, J.N. Bassis and H.A. Fricker, (2013), Structural and environmental controls on Antarctic ice shelf rift propagation inferred from satellite monitoring, Journal of Geophysical Research- Earth Surfaces, 118, 2354–2364, doi:10.1002/2013JF002742.
- Bassis, J. N., and Jacobs, S*, (2013), Diverse calving patterns linked to glacier geometry. Nature Geoscience, 6(10), 833-836.
- Duddu, R., J. N. Bassis, and H. Waisman, (2013), A numerical investigation of surface crevasse propagation in glaciers using nonlocal continuum damage mechanics, Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 3064–3068, doi:10.1002/grl.50602.
- Walker C.C., R. Czerwinski, J.N. Bassis and H.A. Fricker, (2013), Structural and environmental controls on Antarctic ice shelf rift propagation inferred from satellite monitoring, Journal of Geophysical Research- Earth Surfaces, in press.
- Bassis, J. N., and Jacobs, S., (2013), Diverse calving patterns linked to glacier geometry. Nature Geoscience, 6(10), 833-836.
- Duddu, R., J. N. Bassis, and H. Waisman, (2013), A numerical investigation of surface crevasse propagation in glaciers using nonlocal continuum damage mechanics, Geophysical Research Letters., 40, 3064–3068, doi:10.1002/grl.50602.
- Bassis, J.N. and C.C. Walker, (2011), Upper and lower limits on the stability of calving glaciers from the yield strength envelope of ice, Proceedings of the Royal Society, doi: 10.1098/rspa.2011.0422, p. 1-19.
- Bassis, J.N., (2011), The Statistical Physics of Iceberg Calving and the Emergence of Universal Calving Laws,Journal of Glaciology, (57)201, p. 3-17.
- Bassis, J.N., (2010), Hamilton Type Principles Applied to Ice Sheet Dynamics: New approximations for the large-scale flow of ice sheets, Journal of Glaciology, (56)197, p. 497-513.
- Fricker, H.A., N. W. Young, R. Coleman, J. N. Bassis, J.B. Minster, (2005), Multi-year monitoring of rift propagation on the Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica, Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L02502, doi:10.1029/2004GL021036.
- Bassis, J. N., R. Coleman, H. A. Fricker, J. B. Minster, (2005), Episodic propagation of a rift on the Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica, Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L06502, doi:10.1029/2004GL022048.
- Fricker H. A., J.N. Bassis, J.B. Minster, D. R. MacAyeal, (2005), ICESat’s new perspective on ice shelf rifts: The vertical dimension, Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L23S08, doi:10.1029/2005GL025070.
- Walker, C.C., J.N. Bassis and M. Liemohn, 2012, On the application of simple rift basin models to the South Polar Region of Enceladus, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, E07003, doi:10.1029/2012JE004084.
- Cathles, L.M., D.S. Abbot, J.N. Bassis, D.R. MacAyeal, 2011, Modeling surface-roughness/solar-ablation feedback: Application to small-scale surface channels and crevasses of the Greenland Ice Sheet, Annals of Glaciology, 52(59), p. 99-108.
- Walter, F., S. O’Neel, D. McNamara, W. T. Pfeffer, J. N. Bassis, and H. A. Fricker (2010), Iceberg calving during transition from grounded to floating ice: Columbia Glacier, Alaska, Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L15501, doi:10.1029/2010GL043201. Editors Highlight (Sponsored by NSF)
- D.R. MacAyeal, E.A. Okal, R. Aster and J.N. Bassis, (2009), Seismic Observations of Glaciogenic Ocean Waves (Micro-Tsunamis) on Icebergs and Ice Shelves, Journal of Glaciology, (55)190, p. 193-206.
- Alley, R.B., I. Joughin, H.J. Horgan, T.K. Dupont, B.R. Parizek, S. Anandakrishan, K.M. Cuffey, J.N. Bassis, (2008), A Simple Law for Ice-Shelf Calving (2008), Science, (322)5906, p. 1344.
- Bassis, J.N., The Physics of Ice Sheets, (2008), in special International Polar Year edition of Physics Education, 43(4), p. 375-382.
- MacAyeal, D.R., E. Okal, R. Aster, J.N. Bassis, (2008), Seismic and Hydro-Acoustic Tremor Generated by Colliding Icebergs, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, doi:10.1029/2008JF001005.
- Bassis, J.N., H.A. Fricker. R. Coleman, Y. Bock, J. Behrens, D. Darnell, M. Okal, J.B Minster, (2008), An Investigation Into the Forces that Drive Ice Shelf Rift Propagation, Journal of Glaciology, 184(54), p. 17-27. Profiled
- Bassis, J.N., H.A. Fricker, J.B, (2007), Seismicity and Deformation Associated with Ice Shelf Rift Propagation, Journal of Glaciology, 183(53), p. 523-536. Profiled
- Jansen, V., Coleman, R., J.N. Bassis, (2009), GPS-derived Strain Rates on an Active Ice Shelf Rift, Survey Review, (41)311, p. 14-25.
- MacAyeal, D., E. Okal, J.N. Bassis, et al., (2006), Transoceanic wave propagation links iceberg calving margins of Antarctica with storms in Tropics and Northern Hemisphere, Geophysical Research Letters 33, doi:10.1029/2006GL027235.
- Martinez, M., H. Harder, T.A. Kovacs, J.B. Simpas, J.N. Bassis, et al., (2003), OH and HO2 concentrations, sources, and loss rates during the Southern Oxidants Study in Nashville, Tennessee, summer 1999, Journal of Geophysical Research, 108 (D19), 4617, doi:10.1029/2003JD003551.