Shasha Zou

Shasha Zou



1431 Climate and Space Research Building
2455 Hayward Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2143


  • Ph.D., 2009, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
  • M.S., 2006, University of California, Los Angeles
  • B.S., 2004, University of Science and Technology of China (USTC)

Professional Service

  • Reviewer for JGR-Space Physics, GRL, JASTP, Annales Geophysicae, Space Weather, Earth, Planets and Space, Radio Sciences, Nature
  • Review panelist and mail-in reviewer for many NASA and NSF programs
  • AGU Scarf award committee member
  • Plenary tutorial speaker of joint CEDAR-GEM workshop

Research Interests

  • Magnetosphere-Ionosphere-Thermosphere Coupling
  • Geomagnetic disturbances (Storm, Substorm)
  • Auroral Physics
  • Space Weather


  • 2014 URSI (International Union of Radio Science) Young Scientist Award
  • 2011 Editors’ Citation for Excellence in Refereeing for JGR (Journal of Geophysical Research)-Space Physics
  • 2010 AGU (American Geophysical Union) F. L. Scarf Award
  • 2008 UCLA Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Jacob A. Bjerknes Award


  1. Lyons, L., B. Gallardo-Lacourt, S. Zou, Y. Nishimura, W. Li, M. Gkioulidou, E. F. Donovan, J. M. Ruohoniemi, N. Nishitani (2016), 2013 March 17, 2013 storm: Synergy of Observations Related to Electric Field Drivers and Their Ionospheric and Magnetospehric Effects, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, accepted.
  2. Sarno-Smith, L., M. W. Liemohn, R. Skoug, O. Santolik, S. Morley, A. Breneman, B. A. Larsen, G. Reeves, J. R. Wygant, G. Hospodarsky, C. Kletzing, M. B. Moldwin, R. M. Katus, S. Zou (2016), Hiss or Noise? Ambiguities in analyzing suprathermal ion plasma wave response, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, accepted.
  3. Zou, S. and A. Ridley (2015), Modeling of the evolution of Storm-Enhanced Density (SED) plume during the Oct. 24-25, 2011 geomagnetic storm, AGU Monograph of Yosemite Chapman Conference on “Magnetosphere and Ionosphere Coupling in the Solar System”.
  4. Heine, T., M. Molwdin, S. Zou, J. Arlas, A. Desai, B. Heidt, S. McCarty, A. Nastasoiu, and V. Singh (2015), A Cubesat concept for multipoint ionospheric GPS occiltation, Journal of Small Satellite.
  5. Yu, Y., V. Jordanova, S. Zou, R. Heelis, M. Ruohoniemi, J. Wygant (2015), Modeling subauroral polarization streams during the March 17, 2013 storm, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, 120, 1738–1750. doi: 10.1002/2014JA020371.
  6. Zou, S., M. B. Moldwin, A. J. Ridley, M. J. Nicolls, A. J. Coster, E. G. Thomas, and J. M. Ruohoniemi (2014), On the generation/decay of the storm-enhanced density plumes: Role of the convection flow and field-aligned ion flow, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics,119, 8543–8559, doi:10.1002/2014JA020408.
  7. Hartinger, M. D., M. B. Moldwin, S. Zou, J. Bonnell, V. Angelopoulos (2015), ULF wave electromagnetic energy flux into the ionosphere: Joule heating implications, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, doi: 10.1002/2014JA020129, 120, 494–510, doi:10.1002/2014JA020129 .
  8. Gallardo-Lacourt, B., Y. Nishimura, L. R. Lyons, S. Zou, V. Angelopoulos, E. Donovan, S.B Mende, K. McWilliams, J. M. Ruohoniemi and N. Nishitani(2014),Coordinated SuperDARN-THEMIS ASI observations of mesoscale flow bursts associated with auroral streamers, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi: 10.1002/2013JA019245.
  9. Zou, S., A. J. Ridley, M. B. Moldwin, M. J. Nicolls, A. J. Coster, E. G. Thomas, and J. M. Ruohoniemi(2013), Multi-instrument observations of SED during 24–25 October 2011 storm: Implications for SED formation processes, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics118, 7798–7809, doi:10.1002/2013JA018860.
  10. Zou, S.,M. B. Moldwin, M. J. Nicolls, A. J. Ridley, A. J. Coster, E. Yizengaw, L. R. Lyons, andE. F. Donovan(2013), Electrodynamics of the high-latitude trough: Its relationship with convection flows and field-aligned currents, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics118, 2565–2572, doi:10.1002/jgra.50120.
  11. Katus, R. M., M. W. Liemohn, D. L. Gallagher, A. Ridley, and S. Zou(2013), Evidence for potential and inductive convection during intense geomagnetic events using normalized superposed epoch analysis, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics118, 181–191, doi:10.1029/2012JA017915.
  12. Moldwin, M. B. and Zou, S. (2012), The Importance of the Plasmasphere Boundary Layer for Understanding Inner Magnetosphere Dynamics, in Dynamics of the Earth’s Radiation Belts and Inner Magnetosphere (eds D. Summers, I. R. Mann, D. N. Baker and M. Schulz), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/2012GM001323.
  13. Zou, S., Lyons, L. R. and Nishimura, Y. (2012), Mutual Evolution of Aurora and Ionospheric Electrodynamic Features Near the Harang Reversal During Substorms, in Auroral Phenomenology and Magnetospheric Processes: Earth And Other Planets (eds A. Keiling, E. Donovan, F. Bagenal and T. Karlsson), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/2011GM001163.
  14. Lyons, L. R., Nishimura, Y., Xing, X., Shi, Y., Gkioulidou, M., Wang, C.-P., Kim, H.-J., Zou, S., Angelopoulos, V. and Donovan, E. (2012), Auroral Disturbances as a Manifestation of Interplay Between Large-Scale and Mesoscale Structure of Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Electrodynamical Coupling, in Auroral Phenomenology and Magnetospheric Processes: Earth And Other Planets (eds A. Keiling, E. Donovan, F. Bagenal and T. Karlsson), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/2011GM001152.
  15. Zou, S., M. B. Moldwin, A. Coster, L. R. Lyons, andM. J. Nicolls(2011), GPS TEC observations of dynamics of the mid-latitude trough during substorms, Geophys. Res. Lett.38, L14109, doi:10.1029/2011GL048178.
  16. Nishimura, Y., L. R. Lyons, V. Angelopoulos, T. Kikuchi, S. Zou, and S. B. Mende (2011), Relations between multiple auroral streamers, pre-onset thin arc formation, and substorm auroral onset, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A09214, doi:10.1029/2011JA016768.
  17. Nishimura, Y., L. R. Lyons, S. Zou, V. Angelopoulos, and S. Mende (2011), Categorization of the time sequences of events leading to substorm onset based on THEMIS all-sky imager observations, The Dynamic MagnetosphereIAGA Special Sopron Book Series 3, edited by W. Liu and M. Fujimoto, Volune 3, pp 133-142.
  18. Nishimura, Y., L. R. Lyons, S. Zou, V. Angelopoulos, and S. B. Mende (2010), Reply to comment by Harald U. Frey on “Substorm triggering by new plasma intrusion: THEMIS all-sky imager observations”, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A12233, doi:10.1029/2010JA016182.
  19. Lyons, L., Y. Nishimura, X. Xing, V. Angelopoulos, S. Zou, D. Larson, J. McFadden, A. Runov, S. Mende, K.-H. Fornacon (2010), Enhanced transport across entire length of plasma sheet boundary field lines leading to substorm onset, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A00I07, doi:10.1029/2010JA015831.
  20. Nishimura, Y., L. Lyons, S. Zou, X. Xing, V. Angelopoulos, S. Mende and 9 other co-authors (2010), Pre-onset time sequence of auroral substorms: Coordinated observations by ASIs, satellites and radars, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A00I08, doi:10.1029/2010JA015832.
  21. Zou, S., M. B. Moldwin, L. R. Lyons, Y. Nishimura, M. Hirahara, T. Sakanoi, K. Asamura, M. J. Nicolls, Y. Miyashita, S. B. Mende, and C. J. Heinselman (2010), Identification of substorm onset location and pre-onset sequence using Reimei, THEMIS GBO, PFISR and Geotail, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A12309, doi:10.1029/2010JA015520.
  22. Nishimura, Y., L. Lyons, S. Zou, V. Angelopoulos, and S. Mende (2010), Substorm triggering by new plasma intrusion: THEMIS all-sky imager observations, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A07222, doi:10.1029/2009JA015166.
  23. Lyons, L. R., Y. Nishimura, Y. Shi, S. Zou, H.-J. Kim, V. Angelopoulos, C. Heinselman, M. J. Nicolls, and K.-H. Fornacon (2010), Substorm triggering by new plasma intrusion: Incoherent-scatter radar observations,  J. Geophys. Res., 115, A07223, doi:10.1029/2009JA015168.
  24. Zou, S., L. R. Lyons, M. J. Nicolls, C. J. Heinselman and S. B. Mende (2009), Nightside ionospheric electrodynamics associated with substorms: PFISR and THEMIS ASI observations, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A12301,doi:10.1029/2009JA014259.
  25. Lyons, L. R., H.-J. Kim, X. Xing, S. Zou, C. Heinselman, M. Nicolls, M. McCready, V. Angelopoulos, D. Larson, J. McFadden, A. Runov, K. Glassmeier (2009), Evidence that solar wind fluctuations substantially affect global convection and substorm occurrence, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A11306doi:10.1029/2009JA014381.
  26. Kim, H.-J.,L. R. Lyons, S. Zou, A. Boudouridis, D.-Y. Lee, C. J. Heinselman, and M. A. McCready (2009), Evidence that solar wind fluctuations substantially affect the strength of dayside ionospheric convection, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A11305, doi:10.1029/2009JA014380.
  27. Lyons, L. R., C.-P. Wang, M. Gkioulidou, S. Zou (2009), Connections between plasma sheet transport, Region 2 currents, and entropy changes associated with convection, SMCs, and substorms, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A00D01, doi:10.1029/2008JA013743.
  28. Zou, S., L. R. Lyons, C.-P. Wang, A. Boudouridis, J. M. Ruohoniemi, P. C. Anderson, P. L. Dyson, and J. C. Devlin (2009), On the coupling between the Harang reversal evolution and substorm dynamics: a synthesis of SuperDARN, DMSP and IMAGE observations, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A01205, doi:10.1029/2008JA013449.
  29. Zou, S., L. R. Lyons, M. J. Nicolls and C. J. Heinselman (2009), PFISR observations of strong azimuthal flow bursts in the ionosphere and their relation to nightside aurora, J. Atmos. and Solar-Terr. Phys., doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2008.06.015.
  30. Lyons, L. R., S. Zou, C. J. Heinselman, M. J. Nicolls, and P. C. Anderson (2009), Poker Flat radar observations of the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling electrodynamics: earthward penetrating plasma sheet following convection enhancements, J. Atmos. and Solar-Terr. Phys., 71, 717-728, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2008.09.025.
  31. Lyons, L. R., D.-Y. Lee, S. Zou, C.-P. Wang, J. U. Kozyra, J. M. Weygand, and S. B. Mende (2008), Dynamic pressure enhancements as a cause of large-scale storm-time substorms, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A08215, doi:10.1029/2007JA012926.
  32. Zou, S., L. R. Lyons, M. A. McCready, C. J. Heinselman (2008), High-time resolution dayside convection monitoring by incoherent scatter radar and a sample application, J. Geophys. Res.113, A01203, doi: 10.1029/2007JA012364.
  33. Hwang, J. A., D.-Y. Lee, L. R. Lyons, A. J. Smith, S. Zou, K. W. Min, K.-H. Kim, Y.-J. Moon, and Y. D. Park (2007), Statistical significance of association between whistler-mode chorus enhancements and enhanced convection periods during high-speed streams, J. Geophys. Res.,112, A09213, doi:10.1029/2007JA012388.