Xianzhe Jia



1433 Climate and Space Research Building
2455 Hayward Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2143


  • Ph.D.,   University of California, Los Angeles
  • M.S., B.S.,   University of Science and Technology of China


  • Advanced Fluid Dynamics (SPACE/CLIMATE 551)
  • Introduction to Space Physics (SPACE 574)
  • Space Weather Modeling (SPACE 477)
  • Space Policy and Management (SPACE 581)
  • Solar System Exploration (SPACE/CLIMATE 405)

Professional Service

  • Deputy Team Leader, Magnetometer team, NASA Europa Clipper Mission
  • Co-Investigator, PIMS and ICEMAG instrument teams, NASA Europa Clipper Mission
  • Co-Investigator, PEP J-MAG, and RPWI instrument teams, ESA/NASA Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer (JUICE) mission
  • Co-Investigator, Io Volcano Observer (IVO) mission, NASA Discovery Mission Phase A study
  • Member, ESA/NASA Europa-Jupiter-System-Mission (EJSM) Magnetosphere Working Group
  • Member of the International Space Science Institute (ISSI) international teams for:
    • Rotational phenomena in the Saturnian magnetosphere” [2015-2016]
    • “Towards a global unified model of Europa’s exosphere in view of the JUICE mission” [2014-2015]
    • Numerical Modeling of the Global Jovian and Saturnian Systems” [2014-2015]
    • Modes of Radial Plasma Motion in Planetary Systems” [2013-2014]
    • Investigating the Dynamics of Planetary Magnetotails” [2010-2011]
  • Editor, AGU Books Program, since 2020
  • Proposal review panelist or mail-in reviewer for:
    • NSF ATM/GEO Program
  • Manuscript and book reviewer for:
    • Nature Geoscience; Nature Communications; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; Reviews of Geophysics; AGU Advances; Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal of Geophysical Research (-Space Physics; -Planets); Geophysical Research Letters; Icarus; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Planetary and Space Science; Annales Geophysicae
    • AGU Geophy. Monograph Series; AGU Books in Earth and Environmental Sciences
  • Primary convener, “Magnetospheres in the outer solar system” session at the AGU Fall Meeting [2014 – 2024]
  • Member, Scientific Organizing Committee of the 2015 and 2018 “Magnetospheres of the Outer Planets” conferences
  • Member, Science Program Committee of the 2013 AGU Chapman conference on “Fundamental properties and processes of magnetotails”
  • Member, Scientific Organization Committee of the 2011 Solar/Space MHD International Summer School

Research Interests

  • Space Physics and Planetary Science
  • Global modeling of planetary magnetospheres and plasma-moon interactions
  • Large-scale plasma transport and dynamics in planetary magnetospheres
  • Magnetic properties and interior structures of planetary satellites
  • Plasma and neutral environments of comets


  • Faculty Recognition Award, University of Michigan, 2022
  • NASA Group Achievement Award to the Europa Clipper Magnetometer Team, 2022
  • Henry Russel Award, University of Michigan, 2020
  • Ted Kennedy Family Faculty Team Excellence Award, College of Engineering, University of Michigan, 2019
  • NASA Early Career Fellow, 2015
  • Research Faculty Recognition Award, University of Michigan, 2014
  • Invited participant of the International Space Science Institute (ISSI) workshop on “Plasma sources in solar system magnetospheres”, 2013
  • Invited participant of the ISSI workshop on “Giant Planet Magnetodiscs and Auroae“, 2012
  • Invited participant of the ISSI workshop on “Planetary Magnetism“, 2008
  • Eugene B. Waggoner Scholarship, UCLA, 2007


Selected from the full list of publications (Students underlined)

  1. Li, C., X. Jia, Y. Chen, G. Toth, H. Zhou, J. A. Slavin, W. Sun and G. Poh, Global Hall MHD simulations of Mercury’s magnetopause dynamics and FTEs under different solar wind and IMF conditions, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics,doi:10.1029/2022JA031206, 2023.
  2. Sarkango, Y., J. A. Slavin, X. Jia, G. A. DiBraccio, G. Clark, W. J. Sun, B. H. Mauk, W. S. Kurth, and G. Hospodarsky, Properties of Ion-Inertial Scale Plasmoids Observed by the Juno Spacecraft in the Jovian Magnetotail, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, doi:10.1029/2021JA030181, 2022.
  3. Jia, X., and M. G. Kivelson, The Magnetosphere of Ganymede, in Space Physics and Aeronomy Collection Volume 2: Magnetospheres in the Solar System, Geophysical Monograph 259, First Edition (edt. R. Maggiolo, N. André, H. Hasegawa, and D. T. Welling), Wiley, doi: 10.1002/9781119507512, 2021.
  4. Harris, C. D. K., X. Jia, J. A. Slavin, G. Toth, Z. Huang, and M. Rubin, Multi-fluid MHD simulations of Europa’s plasma interaction under different magnetospheric conditions, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, 126, e2020JA028888, doi:10.1029/2020JA028888, 2021.
  5. Zhou, H., G. Toth, X. Jia, and Y. Chen, Reconnection-driven dynamics at Ganymede’s upstream magnetosphere: 3D global Hall MHD and MHD-EPIC simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, doi:10.1029/2020JA028162, 2020
  6. Jia, X., J. A. Slavin, G. Poh, G. DiBrracio, G. Toth, Y. Chen, J. Raines, and T. Gombosi, MESSENGER observations and global simulations of highly compressed magnetosphere events at Mercury, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, doi:10.1029/2018JA026166, 2019.
  7. Jia, X., M. G. Kivelson, K. K. Khurana, and W. S. Kurth, Evidence of a plume at Europa from Galileo magnetic and plasma wave signatures, Nature Astronomy, doi:10.1038/s41550-018-0450-z, 2018. (NASA Press ReleaseNASA’s Live Science Chat and Nature Research Highlight)
  8. Sarkango, Y., X. Jia, and G. Toth, Global MHD simulations of the response of Jupiter’s magnetosphere and ionosphere to changes in the solar wind and IMF, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, doi:10.1029/2019JA026787, 2019.
  9. Azari, A., X. Jia, M. Liemohn, G. B. Hospodarsky, G. Provan, S. -Y. Ye, S. W. H. Cowley, C. Paranicas, N. Sergis, A. Rymer, M. F. Thomsen, and D. G. Mitchell, Are Saturn’s interchange injections organized by rotational longitude?, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, doi:10.1029/2018JA026196, 2019.
  10. Zhou, H., G. Toth, X. Jia, Y. Chen, and S. Markidis, Embedded kinetic simulation of Ganymede’s magnetosphere: Improvements and inferences, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, doi:10.1029/2019JA026643, 2019.
  11. Kivelson, M. and X. Jia, Coupled SKR Emissions in Saturn’s Northern and Southern Ionospheres, Geophysical Research Letters, 45, doi: 10.1002/2017GL075425, 2018.
  12. Azari, A., M. Liemohn, X. Jia, M. Thomsen, D. G. Mitchell, N. Sergis, A. M. Rymer, G. Hospodarsky, C. Paranicas, and J. Vandegriff, Interchange Injections at Saturn: Statistical Survey of Energetic H+ Sudden Flux Intensifications, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, doi: 10.1029/2018JA025391, 2018.
  13. Chen, Y., G. Toth, P. Cassak, X. Jia, T. I. Gombosi, J. A. Slavin, S. Markidis, I. Peng, V. Jordanova, and M. Henderson, Global three-dimensional two-way coupled MHD with embedded PIC simulation of Earth’s magnetosphere: Initial results for dayside magnetic reconnection and flux transfer events, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, doi: 10.1002/2017JA024186, 2017.
  14. Poh, G. K., J. A. Slavin, X. Jia, J. M. Raines, S. Imber, W. Sun, D. J. Gershman, G. DiBraccio, K. Genestreti, and A. Smith, Coupling between Mercury and its night-side magnetosphere: Cross-tail current sheet asymmetry and substorm current wedge formation, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, doi: 10.1002/2017JA024266, 2017.
  15. Poh, G. K., J. A. Slavin, X. Jia, J. M. Raines, S. Imber, W. Sun, D. J. Gershman, G. DiBraccio, K. Genestreti, and A. Smith, Mercury’s Cross-tail Current Sheet: Structure, X-line Location and Stress Balance, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2016GL071612, 2017.
  16. Jia, X. and M. G. Kivelson, Dawn-dusk asymmetries in rotating magnetospheres: Lessons from modeling Saturn, J. Geophys. Res., doi: 10.1002/2015JA021950, 2016.
  17. Jia, X., M. G. Kivelson, and T. I. Gombosi, Global MHD modeling of the coupled magnetosphere-ionosphere system at Saturn, AGU Geophysical Monograph Series: Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Solar System (eds. R. Chappell, B. Schunk, R. Thorne, P. Banks and J. Burch), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
  18. Walker, R. J., and X. Jia, Simulation studies of plasma transport at Earth, Jupiter and Saturn, Magnetic Reconnection (eds, W. Gonzalez E. Parker), Springer, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-26432-5_9, 2016.
  19. Thomsen, M. F., D. Mitchell, X. Jia, C. M. Jackman, G. Hospodarsky, and A. Coates, Plasmapause formation at Saturn, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, doi: 10.1002/2015JA021008, 2015.
  20. Jia, X., J. A. Slavin, T. I. Gombosi, L. Daldorff, G. Toth, and B. van de Holst, Global MHD simulations of Mercury’s magnetosphere with coupled planetary interior: Induction effect of the planetary conducting core on the global interaction, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, 120, doi: 10.1002/2015JA021143, 2015.
  21. Jia, X., Satellite magnetotails, AGU Geophysical Monograph Series: Magnetotails in the Solar System, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., doi:10.1002/9781118842324.ch8, 2015.
  22. Arridge, C. S., J. P. Eastwood, C. M. Jackman, G.-K. Poh, J. A. Slavin, M. F. Thomsen, N. André, X. Jia, A. Kidder, L. Lamy, A. Radioti, N. Sergis, M. Volwerk, A. P. Walsh, P. Zarka, A. J. Coates, and M. K. Dougherty, Cassini in situ observations of long duration magnetic reconnection in Saturn’s magnetotail, Nature Physics, doi:10.1038/nphys3565, 2015.
  23. Rubin, M., X. Jia, K. Altwegg, M. Combi, L. K. S. Daldorff, T. Gombosi, K. K. Khurana, M. Kivelson, V. Tenishev, G. Toth, B. van der Holst, and P. Wurz, Self-consistent multi-fluid MHD simulations of Europa’s exospheric interaction with Jupiter’s magnetosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, doi: 10.1002/2015JA021149, 2015.
  24. Saur, J., S. Duling, L. Roth, X. Jia, D. F. Strobel, P. D. Feldman, U. R. Christensen, K. D. Retherford, M. A. McGrath, F. Musacchio, A. Wennmacher, F. M. Neubauer, and S. Simon, The search for a subsurface ocean in Ganymede with Hubble Space Telescope observations of its auroral ovals, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, doi: 10.1002/2014JA020778, 2015. (Reported in NASA press release)
  25. Radioti, A., D. Grodent, X. Jia, J.-C. Gérard, B. Bonfond, J. Gustin, W. Pryor, D. Mitchell, and C. M. Jackman, A multi-scale magnetotail reconnection event at Saturn and associated flows: Cassini/UVIS observations, Icarus, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2014.12.016, 2015.
  26. Plainaki, C., A. Milillo, S. Massetti, A. Mura, X. Jia, S. Orsini, V. Mangano, E. De Angelis, and R. Rispoli, The H2O and O­2 exospheres of Ganymede: The result of a complex interaction between the Jovian magnetospheric ions and the icy moon, Icarus, 245, 306-319, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2014.09.018, 2014.
  27. Kivelson, M. and X. Jia, Control of periodic variations in Saturn’s magnetosphere by compressional waves, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, 119, doi: 10.1002/2014JA020258, 2014.
  28. Jackman, C., C. Arridge, N. André, F. Bagenal, J. Birn, M. Freeman, X. Jia, A. Kidder, S. Milan, A. Radioti, J. Slavin, M. Vogt, M. Volwerk, and A. Walsh, Large-scale structure and dynamics of the magnetotails of Mercury, Earth, Jupiter and Saturn, Space Science Reviews, Vol.182, 85–154, doi: 10.1007/s11214-014-0060-8, 2014.
  29. Kivelson, M. G. and X. Jia, An MHD model of Ganymede’s mini-magnetosphere suggests that the heliosphere forms in a sub-Alfvénic flow, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, Vol. 118, 1-8, doi: 10.1002/2013JA019130, 2013.
  30. McGrath, M. A., X. Jia, K. Retherford, P. D. Feldman, D. F. Strobel, and J. Saur, Aurora on Ganymede, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/jgra.50122, in press, 2013.
  31. Volwerk, M., X. Jia, C. Paranicas, W. S. Kurth, M. G. Kivelson, and K. K. Khurana, ULF waves in Ganymede’s upstream magnetosphere, Ann. Geophys., 31, 45 – 59, doi:10.5194/angeo-31-45-2013, 2013.
  32. Jia, X. and M. G. Kivelson, Driving Saturn’s magnetospheric periodicities from the atmosphere/ionosphere: Magnetotail response to dual sources, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1029/2012JA018183,2012. (Selected as AGU Research Spotlight)
  33. Jia, X., M. G. Kivelson and T. I. Gombosi, Driving Saturn’s magnetospheric periodicities from the atmosphere/ionosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 117, A04215, doi:10.1029/2011JA017367, 2012. (Highlighted in the “Cassini Science League” by NASA/JPL and the 2012 June issue of the journal Nature Physics)
  34. Jia, X., K. C. Hansen, T. I. Gombosi, M. G. Kivelson, G. Tóth, D. L. DeZeeuw, and A. J. Ridley, Magnetospheric configuration and dynamics of Saturn’s magnetosphere: A global MHD simulation, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi: 10.1029/2012JA017575,2012.
  35. Khurana, K. K., X. Jia, M. G. Kivelson, F. Nimmo, G. Schubert, and, C. T. Russell, Evidence of a global magma ocean in Io’s interior, Science, doi:10.1126/science.1201425, 2011. (Reported in NASA press release)
  36. JiaX., R. J. Walker, M. G. Kivelson, K. K. Khurana and J. A. Linker, Dynamics of Ganymede’s magnetopause: Intermittent reconnection under steady external conditions, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, A12202, doi:10.1029/2010JA015771, 2010.
  37. Kivelson, M. G., X. Jia and K. K. Khurana, Medicean moons sailing through plasma seas: Challenges in establishing magnetic properties, Galileo’s Medicean Moons: Their Impact on 400 Years of Discovery, Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union Symposia and Colloquia, Vol. 269, 58 -70, doi: 10.1017/S1743921310007271, 2010.
  38. JiaX., R. J. Walker, M. G. Kivelson, K. K. Khurana and J. A. Linker, Properties of Ganymede’s magnetosphere inferred from improved three-dimensional MHD simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114, A09209, doi: 10.1029/2009JA0143752009.
  39. Olsen, N., K.-H. Glassmeier and X. Jia, Separation of the magnetic field into external and internal parts, Space Science Reviews, doi:10.1007/s11214-009-9563-0, 2009.
  40. JiaX., M. G. Kivelson, K. K. Khurana and R. J. Walker, Magnetic fields of the satellites of Jupiter and Saturn, Space Science Reviews, doi:10.1007/s11214-009-9507-8, 2009.
  41. Jia, X., R. J. Walker, M. G. Kivelson, K. K. Khurana and J. A. Linker, Three dimensional MHD simulations of Ganymede’s magnetosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, A06212, doi:10.1029/2007JA012748, 2008.