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Mario J.-E. Manuel
Einstein Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Michigan
2013 Ph. D. - Applied Plasma Physics - Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA
2008 S. M. - Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering - Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA
2006 B. S. - Physics - University of Washington, Seattle, WA
2006 B. S. - Astronomy - University of Washington, Seattle, WA
2006 B. S. - Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering
My general research interests lie in high-energy-density (HED) physics, specifically laboratory systems created through laser-matter interactions. This environment lends itself to a range of interesting plasma phenomena including: inertial confinement fusion, hydrodynamic instabilities (RT, RM, KH) in the HED regime, laser-plasma instabilities, stellar evolution, supernova remnants, and accretion systems.
Presently, my postdoctoral research has focused on the generation of magnetized plasma outflows. We built a custom-designed solenoid capable of delivering a uniform ~5 T magnetic field over a ~80 mm3 volume. Inside this solenoid a laser-irradiated target produced a supersonic plasma flow. The effects of the magnetic field on the plasma were diagnosed using an optical probe beam.
My dissertation research focused on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in laser-produced plasmas and the spontaneous generation of magnetic fields due to this process. Using a combination of proton and x-ray radiographic techniques, this work provided the first direct observations of these elusive fields during the linear growth phase.
I grew up outside of Tacoma, WA and moved to Seattle when I started at UW and began my long college career. I met my Italian wife, Eleonora, in Germany during a study-abroad program during my time at UW. We eventually moved to Boston, MA when I attended grad school at MIT. Eleonora began her MBA program at UM in Ann Arbor and I came to work with my current group at UM when I finished my PhD.
When I am not working on my research, I love to travel and interact with people of different cultures; one of the things I also love about my job. I enjoy playing frisbee with my two border collies (Kepler and Lyra) and taking them out with me on runs when I am at home. Recently, Eleonora and I acquired our scuba diving certifications and now we love traveling to new places and diving in some of the most beautiful waters in the world.
Specializations and Research Interests
- Optical - time-gated interferometry, Faraday rotation, Schlieren imaging, streak cameras, UV spectrometry
- X-ray: spectrometry with crystals and transmission gratings, imaging with gated framing cameras
- Protons: radiography, magnetic spectrometry, ranging spectrometry
Simulation Experience: Geant4, FLASH, Hyades, MCNP
High-Energy-Density Physics Research Interests: Neutron and X-ray sources, laser-matter interactions, plasma hydrodynamics, inertial confinement fusion, stellar evolution, electric and mangetic field generation in plasma, nuclear and plasma diagnsotics, astrophysical jet formation and evolution, astrophysical nucleosynthesis.
Honors, Awards and Accomplishments
2014 - Marshall N. Rosenbluth Outstanding Doctoral Thesis Award, APS Division of Plasma Physics
2013-2016 - Einstein Postdoctoral Fellowship, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
Journal Reviewer: Physics of Plasmas, Journal of Plasma Physics, Review of Scientific Instruments
Proposal Reviewer: National Science Foundation, Department of Energy
Manuel, M. J.-E., M. Flaig, T. Plewa, C. K. Li, F. H. Séguin, J. A. Frenje, D. T. Casey, R. D. Petrasso, S. X. Hu, R. Betti, J. D. Hager, D. D. Meyerhofer, and V. A. Smalyuk. “Collisional effects on Rayleigh-Taylor-induced magnetic fields”. Physics of Plasmas, accepted (2015).
Manuel, M. J.-E., C. C. Kuranz, A. M. Rasmus, S. Klein, M. J. MacDonald, M. R. Trantham, J. R. Fein, P. X. Belancourt, R. P. Young, P. A. Keiter, R. P. Drake, B. B. Pollock, J. Park, A. U. Hazi, G. J. Williams, and H. Chen. “Experimental results from magnetized-jet experiments executed at the Jupiter Laser Facility”. High Energy Density Physics, accepted (2014). doi:10.1016/j.hedp.2014.07.003.
Manuel, M. J.-E., C. K. Li, F. H. Séguin, N. Sinenian, J. A. Frenje, D. T. Casey, R. D. Petrasso, J. D. Hager, R. Betti, S. X. Hu, J. Delettrez, and D. D. Meyerhofer. “Instability-driven electromagnetic fields in coronal plasmas”. Physics of Plasmas, 20(5), 056301 (2013). doi:10.1063/1.4801515.
M. J.-E. Manuel, C. K. Li, F. H. Séguin, J. A. Frenje, D. T. Casey, R. D. Petrasso, S. X. Hu, R. Betti, J. Hager, D. D. Meyerhofer, and V. A. Smalyuk. “Rayleigh-Taylor-induced magnetic fields in laser-irradiated plastic foils”. Physics of Plasmas, 19(8), 082710 (2012). doi:10.1063/1.4748579.
Manuel, M. J.-E., A. B. Zylstra, H. G. Rinderknecht, D. T. Casey, M. J. Rosenberg, N. Sinenian, C. K. Li, J. A. Frenje, F. H. Séguin, and R. D. Petrasso. “Source characterization and modeling development for monoenergetic-proton radiography experiments at OMEGA”. Review of Scientific Instruments, 83(6), 063506 (2012). doi:10.1063/1.4730336.
Manuel, M. J.-E., N. Sinenian, F. H. Séguin, C. K. Li, J. A. Frenje, H. G. Rinderknecht, D. T. Casey, A. B. Zylstra, R. D. Petrasso, and F. N. Beg. “Mapping Return Currents in Laser-generated Z-pinch Plasmas”. Applied Physics Letters, 100(20), 203505 (2012). doi:10.1063/1.4718425.
Manuel, M. J.-E., C. K. Li, F. H. Séguin, J. A. Frenje, D. T. Casey, R. D. Petrasso, S. X. Hu, R. Betti, J. D. Hager, D. D. Meyerhofer, and V. A. Smalyuk. “First Measurements of Rayleigh-Taylor-Induced Magnetic Fields in Laser-produced Plasmas”. Physical Review Letters, 108(25), 255006 (2012). doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.255006.
Manuel, M. J.-E., M. J. Rosenberg, N. Sinenian, H. Rinderknecht, A. B. Zylstra, F. H. Séguin, J. Frenje, C. K. Li, and R. D. Petrasso. “Changes in CR-39 proton sensitivity due to prolonged exposure to high vacuums relevant to the National Ignition Facility and OMEGA”. Review of Scientific Instruments, 82(9), 095110 (2011). doi:10.1063/1.3635537.
S. R. Klein, Manuel, M. J.-E., B. B. Pollock, R. S. Gillespie, M. Deininger, C. C. Kuranz, P. A. Keiter, and R. P. Drake. “Construction of a solenoid used on a magnetized plasma experiment”. Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(11), 11E812 (2014). doi:10.1063/1.4891060.
N. Sinenian, Manuel, M. J.-E, J. A. Frenje, F. H. Séguin, C. K. Li, and R. D. Petrasso. “An empirical target discharging model relevant to hot-electron preheat in direct-drive implosions on OMEGA”. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 55, 045001 (2013). doi:10.1088/0741-3335/55/4/045001.
N. Sinenian, Manuel, M. J.-E., A. B. Zylstra, M. Rosenberg, C. J. Waugh, H. G. Rinderknecht, D. T. Casey, H. Sio, J. K. Ruszczynski, L. Zhou, M. Gatu Johnson, J. A. Frenje, F. H. Séguin, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, C. L. Ruiz, and R. J. Leeper. “Upgrade of the MIT Linear Electrostatic Ion Accelerator (LEIA) for nuclear diagnostics development for Omega, Z and the NIF”. Review of Scientific Instruments, 83(4), 043502 (2012). doi:10.1063/1.3703315.
N. Sinenian, A. B. Zylstra, Manuel, M. J.-E., H. G. Rinderknecht, J. A. Frenje, F. S. Séguin, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, V. Goncharov, J. Delettrez, I. Igumenschev, D. Froula, C. Stoeckl, T. C. Sangster, D. D. Meyerhofer, and J. A. Cobble. “Total energy loss to fast ablator-ions and target capacitance of direct-drive implosions on OMEGA”. Applied Physics Letters, 101(11), 114102 (2012). doi:10.1063/1.4752012.
N. Sinenian, A. B. Zylstra, Manuel, M. J.-E., J. A. Frenje, A. Kanojia, J. Stillerman, and R. D. Petrasso. “A multithreaded modular software toolkit for control of complex experiments”. Computing in Science and Engineering, 15(1), 66 (2012). doi:10.1109/MCSE.2012.34.
F. H. Séguin, C. K. Li, Manuel, M. J.-E., H. G. Rinderknecht, N. Sinenian, J. A. Frenje, J. R. Rygg, D. G. Hicks, R. D. Petrasso, J. Delettrez, R. Betti, F. J. Marshall, and V. A. Smalyuk. “Time evolution of filamentation and self-generated fields in the coronae of directly driven inertial-confinement fusion capsules”. Physics of Plasmas, 19(1), 012701 (2012). doi:10.1063/1.3671908.
N. Sinenian, M. Rosenberg, Manuel, M. J.-E., S. C. McDuffee, F. H. Séguin, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, and R. D. Petrasso. “The response of CR-39 nuclear track detector to 1-9 MeV protons”. Review of Scientific Instruments, 82(10), 103303 (2011). doi:10.1063/1.3653549.